HOW TO CHANGE OR TOP UP CAR ENGINE OIL
Car maintenance matters, topping up your engine oil when it is required is really important for your car.
How to TOP UP your engine oil
If dipstick tells you that your oil level is low, you should top up your engine oil as soon as possible.
The first step in doing this is to make sure you add the right oil. Your car’s user manual can help with this.
Once you have your oil, make sure your car is again parked on level ground. Your engine should be cool, and you should wait at least 20 minutes to give the oil time to drain fully back into the sump.
1. Check the oil level again to see how much oil is required
2. Unscrew and remove the oil filler cap
Car engine oil filler cap
3. You should then add a small amount of fresh oil, ideally using a long-neck funnel, and then wait a minute or two for it to arrive in the sump
4. Check the level again using the dipstick, and keep adding oil in small amounts until you are happy with the level.
Bear in mind that over-filling is as bad for your engine as under-filling; so don’t treat the high level mark as a target. It’s best to aim for a little below this line.
HOW DO I CHECK THE OIL LEVEL IN MY CAR?
Checking your oil is simple – just follow the steps below:
Switch off the engine
Park the car on a level surface and make sure the engine has been switched off for at least five minutes.
Locate and clean dipstick
Open the bonnet, locate the dipstick and remove it before wiping the oil off the dipstick using a clean cloth. Look for the oil level marks on the end of the dipstick.
Check oil level
Check your existing engine oil level by pushing the dipstick slowly all the way into its tube, then pulling it out again. The oil level should be between the upper and lower level marks. If the level is near the lower mark, you need to top up the oil.
Top-up oil level
If you need to top up your oil, remove the oil filler cap. Pour in some oil and wait a few seconds for the oil to drain down to the bottom of the engine and then re-check the level, taking care not to overfill it.
How often should you check your engine oil
Your engine doesn’t simply need the right specification of engine oil, it also needs to have the right amount at all times. So don’t wait for a dashboard warning light before you pop the bonnet; it’s a good idea to check your engine oil at the dipstick at least once a week, and always before a road trip.
How to check your engine oil
Running with a low oil level is incredibly bad for your engine, so it’s important to check your engine oil regularly. Don’t rely on dashboard warning lights alone; checking engine oil at the dipstick is a simple but important car maintenance task that absolutely everyone can do at home.
Why you should use synthetic oil
Why choose full synthetic engine oil? Even if your warranty doesn’t depend on you choosing synthetic engine oil, it’s still the strongest and best choice for every engine. As long as you choose the right grade and specification of synthetic oil, it is guaranteed to exceed the manufacturer’s requirements and give your engine the best possible protection.
How to recycle your used engine oil
While oil is a natural resource, it occurs deep in the ground where it can’t damage plant and animal life. It’s vitally important that any used engine oil from home car maintenance makes it to a recycling centre, as this ensures that it won’t leak into the ground, potentially causing hazards to wildlife and water resources.
WHY SHOULD I CHECK / TOP UP MY ENGINE OIL?
Oil is to an engine what blood is to the human body – it simply can’t run without it. Engine oil acts as a cushion between moving parts, keeping engine components from coming into contact with each other, and providing protection from wear and tear.
Modern engines typically use approximately 1 litre of oil every 5,000km, so you need to check and top up oil levels between services. Aim to check the oil level every month – and always before a long journey.
Please refer to your Warranty & Maintenance Handbook for further advice.
WHAT DOES ENGINE OIL DO?
In simple terms, it lubricates, protects, cleans and cools your engine.
As well as reducing friction and preventing wear and tear, the oil cleans the engine of deposits, picking up any damaging debris which is sieved out through the oil filter.
It also helps to transfer heat from inside the engine to maintain a safe operating temperature.